It is extremely dangerous to drink lead, especially for young children in the development stages. You should instantly take action if you found that your drinking water has lead in it. However there are many reasons why lead enters the water, but the main question is how to remove lead from water.
There are different ways to remove lead from water by using the required filter, flushing the system out, replacing pipes, and so on. But first of all, you should know the main reason why lead has entered inside the water.
Is it harmful to your body? If yes, then how!
Let’s get into an in-depth discussion of lead water and how you can remove lead from water. Have a look below:
3 Methods to Remove Lead from Water
Now moving to the main topic, here we will discuss the three major ways to remove lead from water. The methods which we are about to discuss below are also helpful for removing impurities from drinking water. Check out below:
Method no 1: Reverse Osmosis
Osmosis acts as the solution where it is moving from lower to higher concentration. This is how most things naturally act. Reverse osmosis will require some pressure to do its opposite. In this way, a solution with a higher concentration will move to the lower one.
With the help of reverse osmosis, you can remove around 98% of the lead from your drinking water to make it effective for your use. Having this system installed in your house will help the lead to stay away from your water and make it safe for your daily. It requires less maintenance, so you don’t need to worry about cleaning it.
Method no 2: Distillation
Distillation is known to be the oldest method for the purification of water. This system is always effective for the removal of all harmful contaminants, including lead. Plus, it is also helpful for removing all those materials that have a higher boiling point than water.
The process of water distillation works in a manner where it brings the water up to the boiling point. Just the water molecules will evaporate. These molecules will come into contact with a cooling element which is later on turned into liquid form.
Contaminants are left behind, and now you can safely drink water.
The just drawback of this system is that it requires time consumption in terms of installation. You have to set up separate equipment for performing the distillation.
Method no 3: NSF 53 Certified Filters
The last method is about NSF 53 Certified Filters. You can use this method for the removal of lead from drinking water. Hence, you can put your investment into lead-removing refrigerator filters, which will be certified to NSF 53 standards.
All these filters make the use of activated charcoal to easily adsorb molecules that are not part of the water supply. Adsorption is a process to get physically attached to the molecules. Inside the filter, all these contaminants will be trapped into the filter and will not pass through.
Activated charcoal filters merely allow those molecules to pass through them, which are in the size of 1 micron. Carbon filters are easy to replace, affordable, and can remove all sorts of contaminants based on certification type.
How Lead Gets into Drinking Water?
There are high chances of lead entering into your drinking water if the plumbing materials contain lead corrode. This lead will corrode with pipes and fixtures if the water has low mineral content and high acidity. The few most common sources of lead in drinking water are faucets, lead pipes, and fixtures.
In houses, the lead pipes which are connecting the home to the water main are known as lead service lines. And these pipes are considered to be the most significant source of lead within the drinking water. But not all the houses have lead pipes! You will generally find such pipes in homes or cities which are built before 1986.
Few other factors due to which lead enters in drinking water are:
- Chemistry of water both acidity and alkalinity
- Amount or types of minerals in the water
- Amount of lead coming into contact with water
- Temperature of water
- Amount of wear in pipes
- For how long time the water is staying inside the pipes
- Presence protective scales or the coatings inside the plumbing materials
What are the side effects of lead in water?
Side effects of lead in water are different for kids, pregnant ladies, and adults. Let’s discuss a few of them below:
Low level of lead in the blood of children can cause:
- Behavior & learning problems
- Lower IQ & hyperactivity
- Slow in growth
- Hearing issues
- Coma or even death, in rare cases
2. Pregnant Women
Lead can easily accumulate in the body with time which eventually gets stored in the body with the calcium content. During the phase of pregnancy, lead is eventually released from the bones of maternal calcium. It is later on used to form the stronger bones of the fetus. Lead can often cause some serious problems if it somehow reaches the fetus. A few of them are:
- Reduced growth of the fetus
- Premature baby birth
Low level of lead in the blood of adults can cause:
- Increased blood pressure
- Cardiovascular effects
- Incidence of hypertension
- Decreased in kidney function
- Reproductive problems both in men and women
Frequently Asked Questions-FAQs
1. Can boiling water remove lead?
Boiling or heating water can never help you to remove lead. This is because the water can evaporate during the boiling process. The concentration of lead in water can be raised slightly once you start boiling the water. You should avoid drinking boiled water. Hot water will dissolve the extra lead fast than cold water.
2. Will a Brita filter remove lead?
Both Brita® Faucet Systems and Brita Longlast+® Filters help to easily reduce 99% of the lead present in the tap water. It even helps to remove other contaminants such as Chlorine, Asbestos, Benzene, Ibuprofen, and Bisphenol A (BPA).
3. Does lead poisoning go away?
Lead can be harmful to the kid because their nervous system and brain are still in developing stages. You can treat lead poisoning, but the damage that happens can never be reversed.
4. What happens if you drink water with lead?
Drinking water with lead can cause a wide range of health issues. This can be cardiovascular effects or increase the blood pressure as well as the incidence of hypertension. Reproductive problems can also happen in both men and women.
5. Can lead be easily filtered out of water?
Yes, it can be filtered out through some affordable and effective methods. We hence recommend you the selection of carbon-based faucet-mount filters.
So this was a quick guide about a few of those methods which you can learn to get an idea about how to remove lead from water. It might be a little hassle task to perform for beginners due to lack of knowledge, but we are sure that our guide is informative enough for you now. You can hire a professional expert to deal with water contaminants easily and successfully.